LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN
Piano Sonata No. 14 Op. 27 No. 2 “Moonlight” / 1801
1. Adagio sostenuto
3. Presto agitato
Beethovens Spnata No14 popularly known as the Moonlight Sonata, is a piano sonata by Ludwig van Beethoven. It was completed in 1801 and dedicated in 1802 to his pupil, Countess Giulietta Guicciardi. The piece is one of Beethoven's most popular compositions for the piano, and it was a popular favorite even in his own day.
The C? minor sonata, particularly the third movement, is held to have been the inspiration for Frédéric Chopin's Fantaisie-Impromptu, and that the Fantaisie-Impromptu
was actually a tribute to Beethoven
Fantasy in G minor, Op. 77 / 1809
Completed in October, 1809, the Fantasia for Piano in G minor, Op. 77,
was commissioned by Muzio Clementi (1752-1832), whose London publishing firm printed the work in 1810. The piece is dedicated to Count Franz Brunsvik (1777-1849)
Carl Czerny (1791-1857), a composer who studied piano with Beethoven in 1801-3, described the Fantasy, Op. 77 as variations "in a mixed form, one idea following another as in a potpourri, ... " Possibly no other work reflects Beethoven's tendency toward improvisation. Czerny's assessment is apt. The Fantasy passes through eight key areas, three changes of meter and numerous changes in tempo. What is most curious is that the piece, mostly a string of seemingly unrelated vignettes, closes with a self-contained section a half step higher than the fundamental key at the opening of the piece. One senses an anticipation of relaxed Romantic-era fluidity and freedom.
Rondo a capriccio, "Rage over a lost penny" / 1798
The "Rondo alla ingharese quasi un capriccio" in G major, Op. 129 (Italian for "Rondo in the Hungarian [i.e. gypsy] style, almost a caprice"), is a piano rondo by Ludwig van Beethoven. It is better known by the title Rage Over a Lost Penny, Vented in a Caprice (from German: Die Wut über den verlorenen Groschen, ausgetobt in einer Caprice). This title appears on the autograph manuscript, but not in Beethoven's hand, and has been attributed to his friend Anton Schindler.
It is a favourite with audiences and is frequently performed as a show piece.
6 Variations on "Nel cor più non mi sento" WoO 70 / 1795
"Nel cor più non mi sento" is a duet from Giovanni Paisiello's 1788 opera L'amor contrastato, ossia La molinara, usually known as La molinara
Beethoven composed six variations in G major for piano, WoO 70, in 1795. Other composers that have used the theme include Paganini ("Introduction and variations in G major" for violin, Op. 38, MS 44, 1827), Fernando Sor (Fantasie, Op. 16 for guitar 1823), Friedrich Silcher (flute and piano), Mauro Giuliani (guitar and keyboard), Giovanni Bottesini (for double bass), Nicola Antonio Manfroce, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, and Johann Baptist Wanhal.
Piano Sonata No. 21 in C Major, Op. 53 "Waldstein" /1804
Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53, known as the Waldstein, is one of the three most notable sonatas of his middle period. Completed in summer 1804 and surpassing Beethoven's previous piano sonatas in its scope, the Waldstein is a key early work of Beethoven's "Heroic" decade (1803–1812) and set a standard for piano composition in the grand manner.
The sonata's name derives from Beethoven's dedication It is considered one of Beethoven's greatest and most technically challenging piano sonatas. The first section of the rondo requires a simultaneous pedal trill, high melody and rapid left hand runs while its coda's glissando octaves, written in dialogue between the hands, compel even advanced performers to play in a simplified version since it is more demanding to play on the heavier action of a modern piano than on an early 19th-century instrument.